SAT

SAT

SAT Reasoning Test

 

The SAT Reasoning Test is a standardized test for college admissions. The SAT is owned, published, and developed by the College Board, a not-for-profit organization in the United States. The test is intended to assess a student's readiness for college.

The current SAT Reasoning Test, introduced in 2005, takes three hours and forty-five minutes to finish. Possible scores range from 600 to 2400, combining test results from three 800-point sections (Mathematics, Critical Reading, and Writing).

 

SAT consists of three major sections: Critical Reading, Mathematics, and Writing. Each section receives a score on the scale of 200–800. All scores are multiples of 10. Total scores are calculated by adding up scores of the three sections. Each major section is divided into three parts. There are 10 sub-sections, including an additional 25-minute experimental or "equating" section that may be in any of the three major sections. The experimental section is used to normalize questions for future administrations of the SAT and does not count toward the final score. The test contains 3 hours and 45 minutes of actual timed sections, although most administrations, including orientation, distribution of materials, completion of biographical sections, and eleven minutes of timed breaks, run about four and a half hours long. The questions range from easy, medium, and hard depending on the scoring from the experimental sections. Easier questions typically appear closer to the beginning of the section while harder questions are towards the end in certain sections. This is not true for every section but it is the rule of thumb mainly for math and sentence completions and vocabulary.

Critical Reading

The Critical Reading (formerly Verbal) section of the SAT is made up of three scored sections: two 25-minute sections and one 20-minute section, with varying types of questions, including sentence completions and questions about short and long reading passages. Critical Reading sections normally begin with 5 to 8 sentence completion questions; the remainder of the questions is focused on the reading passages. Sentence completions generally test the student's vocabulary and understanding of sentence structure and organization by requiring the student to select one or two words that best complete a given sentence. The bulk of the Critical Reading section is made up of questions regarding reading passages, in which students read short excerpts on social sciences, humanities, physical sciences, or personal narratives and answer questions based on the passage. Certain sections contain passages asking the student to compare two related passages; generally, these consist of shorter reading passages. The number of questions about each passage is proportional to the length of the passage. Unlike in the Mathematics section, where questions go in the order of difficulty, questions in the Critical Reading section go in the order of the passage. Overall, question sets towards the beginning of the section are easier, and question sets towards the end of the section are harder.

 

Mathematics

The Mathematics section of the SAT is widely known as the Quantitative Section or Calculation Section. The mathematics section consists of three scored sections. There are two 25-minute sections and one 20-minute section, as follows:

<![if !supportLists]> §  <![endif]> One of the 25-minute sections is entirely multiple choices, with 20 questions.

<![if !supportLists]> §  <![endif]> The other 25-minute section contains 8 multiple choice questions and 10 grid-in questions. The 10 grid-in questions have no penalty for incorrect answers because the student guessing isn't limited.

<![if !supportLists]> §  <![endif]> The 20-minute section is all multiple choices, with 16 questions.

 

Calculator use

The candidates are allowed to use calculators during the test.

Writing

The writing section of the SAT includes multiple choice questions and a brief essay. The essay sub-score contributes about 28% towards the total writing score, with the multiple choice questions contributing 70%.

The multiple choice questions include error identification questions, sentence improvement questions, and paragraph improvement questions. Error identification and sentence improvement questions test the student's knowledge of grammar, presenting an awkward or grammatically incorrect sentence; in the error identification section, the student must locate the word producing the source of the error or indicate that the sentence has no error, while the sentence improvement section requires the student to select an acceptable fix to the awkward sentence. The paragraph improvement questions test the student's understanding of logical organization of ideas, presenting a poorly written student essay and asking a series of questions as to what changes might be made to best improve it.

The essay section, which is always administered as the first section of the test, is 25 minutes long. All essays must be in response to a given prompt. The prompts are broad and often philosophical and are designed to be accessible to students regardless of their educational and social backgrounds. For instance, test takers may be asked to expand on such ideas as their opinion on the value of work in human life or whether technological change also carries negative consequences to those who benefit from it. No particular essay structure is required, and the College Board accepts examples "taken from [the student's] reading, studies, experience, or observations."

Style of questions

Most of the questions on the SAT, except for the essay and the grid-in math responses, are multiple choice; all multiple-choice questions have five answer choices, one of which is correct. The questions of each section of the same type are generally ordered by difficulty. However, an important exception exists: Questions that follow the long and short reading passages are organized chronologically, rather than by difficulty. Ten of the questions in one of the math sub-sections are not multiple choices. They instead require the test taker to bubble in a number in a four-column grid.

The questions are weighted equally. For each correct answer, one raw point is added. For each incorrect answer one-fourth of a point is deducted. No points are deducted for incorrect math grid-in questions. The final score is derived from the raw score.

 

SUMMARY OF TEST PATTERN

 

Section

Average Score

Time (Minutes)

Content

Writing

493

60

Grammarusage, and diction.

(49 Grammar Questions + 1 Essay)

Mathematics

515

70

Number and operationsalgebra and functionsgeometrystatisticsprobability, and data analysis

(44 Multiple-choice + 10 Grid-ins)

Critical Reading

501

70

Critical reading and sentence-level reading

(19 Sentence Completions + 48 Reading Comprehension)

The percentile score correspond to the real score is given in the following chart

Percentile

Score, 2400 Scale

99.93/99.98

2400

99

≥2200

98

≥2140

97

≥2100

93

≥1990

88

≥1900

81

≥1800

72

≥1700

61

≥1600

48

≥1500

36

≥1400

24

≥1300

15

≥1200

8

≥1090

4

≥990

2

≥890

 

*Fees

US$78.00 is the registration fees for SAT exams, which may be revised from time to time.

 *(The fee given above is as on 1st December 2011. Please confirm the fees before you start registering)

 

 

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